Andrew Johnson -

Andrew Johnson

Born on December 29, 1808 on Raleigh North Carolina to Jacob Johnson and Mary McDonough (both of English/Irish Decent—Andrew Johnson had to work hard to secure his position on top. Andrew Johnson grew up in a poor family, meaning a formal education was not an option. At a young age Johnson was forced to apprentice with a seamstress, because it was a learnable skill that could financially help out his family. Johnson decided he could not take his life back home and yearned for a better life, so he ran away and moved to Tennessee. Johnson used his skills as a tailor to stablish a successful business and was making more than enough money to support himself. Johnson later showed an interest in business and started investing in properties and was soon after became extremely well off.

It wasn’t long until Johnson decided to venture into politics and served as a Tennessee politician, helping to organize funding and infrastructural improvements on the state. He was later elected to Tennessee Senate in which he was able to expand his popularity as an official of the people. After being extremely successful in Tennessee politics he then went on to serve on the U.S. House of Representatives where he was able to construct railroads and determine zones/districts. Following this he served as the Tennessee governor, in which he abolished the Tennessee National Bank and referred to a system of standard weights and measures. Later in his political career he was able to serve as the vice president after Lincoln’s re-election bid in 1864. Johnsons helped Lincoln campaign and even gave speeches on behalf Lincoln. However, Lincoln was assassinated and the next person in succession was Johnson.

Johnson began his presidency on April 14, 1865—immediately after Lincoln had been pronounced dead. In his time as president sought to carry out a lot of Lincolns plans and goals for the nation. This includes The Ten Percent Plan, a restoration of states, and African American suffrage. One of his biggest accomplishments was the ratification of the 13th and 14th amendments—which officially prohibited slavery in the United States. Overall, Johnsons presidency was marked by major improvements and is now referred to as the “Glided Age.”

Unfortunately, because of the controversial issues Johnson dealt with, he was brought up on impeachment charges, which he did not take well. Shortly after his trial, Johnson passed away from a stroke at the age of 66. Johnson fought for rights of people who could not fight for themselves and reigned successful. Johnson certainly changed the general construction of America for the better and he will never be forgotten.


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