Born on November 23, 1804 in a log cabin in Hillsborough, New Hampshire—Franklin Pierce grew up in a middle class up bringing and rose well above his means throughout his lifetime. Education had been an important aspect amongst Pierce’s entire family, meaning Pierce had received a formal education throughout his childhood, being enrolled in the Hillsborough Center until he reached the age of twelve and was later sent to a town school at Hancock. Pierce excelled academically and when it came time to go to college, he entered Bowdoin College in Brunswick Maine— he worked extremely hard and graduated fifth in his class. In the time he was in college he read law briefly with former New Hampshire Governor Levi Woodbury. It wasn’t long after studying law that Franklin Pierce started to grow an interest in politics as he decided to campaign on behalf of Jackson and carried the nation by large margins. Later, Pierce became a member of the State Militia and joined the democratic party as he succeeded in the re-election of Jackson after successfully campaigning in his initial campaign.
After gaining an avid interest in politics and helping with two successful political campaigns, he started a congressional career. Pierce ran for a seat on the House of Representatives and became the 23rd in the United States congress—serving for two consecutive terms. Following this, Pierce became a U.S. senator, where he aided in relieving U.S. citizens in the Panic of 1837—a major economic crisis in our nation. With this he was also able to help military funding and made it possible for army officers to get a pension after serving in battle. After being on the U.S. Senate, Pierce became a democratic party leader/ lawyer—where he helped solve several issues regarding many democratic policies and debates. Once the Mexican American War came to fruition, Pierce became an active part of the military—which was one of his major goals in life. After putting in countless hours on the battlefield, pierce was promoted to brigadier general. When Pierce finished out in battle, he was given a hero’s welcome back into his home state. Following his return, Pierce decided to run for president on behalf of the democratic party and won by a landslide.
Franklin Pierce was inaugurated on March 4, 1853 and began to immediately work on economic policies and internal improvements. With this, Pierce was able to manage unsettled accounts within the U.S. treasury. Pierce was also able to make improvements in foreign and military affairs as he expanded and substantially reorganized the foundation of the military, making it more technologically advanced and systematically efficient. One major downfall of Pierce’s presidency was his inability to cohesively put into action the Kansas-Nebraska Act—although he did layout some major groundwork for later.
Post-presidency Pierce remained quite active and up to date on all political affairs, even in his travels. Within his retirement he still sought after many abolitionist movements and kept a close eye on the policies put into place throughout the Civil War. Unfortunately, Pierce passed away on October 08, 1869 from cirrhosis of the liver at the age of 64. Overall, the consistent work of pierce throughout his military and political career made the America we all love and know today.