John Quincy Adams
Born on July 11, 1767 in Braintree, Massachusetts to a proper middle-class lifestyle—John Quincy Adams had his work cut out for him as he climbed the U.S. political ladder. Adams was fortunate enough to receive an education through various private tutors, and in his educational endeavors exhibited quite exceptional literary skills. As Adams became a young adult he ventures to Europe with his father and during this time he studied French, Greek, and Latin and attended several universities throughout his studies. When Adams returned to the U.S., he received admission to Harvard University and was a member of Phi Beta Kappa and excelled academically. After graduating from Harvard, he began to study law and eventually opened his very own legal practice in Boston. Adams essentially avoided politics in the early parts of his career and instead wanted to focus on his legal career. However, Adams inadvertently got involved with politics and devoted most of his to his governmental prospects.
Adams was appointed by President George Washington as a U.S. ambassador to the Netherlands, after Adams publication of essays in which he argued Britain provided a better government than France. Later, he became the Senator of Massachusetts where he joined the Federalist party. During this time, he also served as a professor at Brown University. After leaving his spot as senator as a result of differing opinions trough his party, he became a minister to Russia, where he argued before the Supreme Court of the United States. Adams then served as an ambassador to Britain which sparked the creation of the Treaty of Ghent, which led to a trade agreement between the U.S. and Britain and avoid additional war. Following this, Adams decided to go back to serve on the U.S. senate where his main priority was avoiding war and making effort to regain the land lost in wars previous. Adams, being very close to the previous president (Monroe), announced his candidacy for president in 1824 and won by a 54% popular vote.
Adams was inaugurated on March 4, 1825 and was the first president to take an oath under a book of constitutional law instead of a Bible. Adam provided a more harmonious cabinet in order to be productive in avoiding war and re-expanding land. Adams was successful in domestic affairs as he created a national university, a naval academy, and a national astronomical observatory. Adams also focused much of his efforts on proper trade and tariffs and as a result reached various agreements and treaties to expand trade, thus having a beneficial effect on financial aspects of government. Adams also voiced his opinion on anti-slavery movements and became the most prominent leader in this movement in his time.
Overall Adams was able to make major strides in trade agreements and overall nation productivity. His voice for the enslaved made it possible for freedom later in history. Unfortunately, Adams passed away in 1846 at the age of 76 from a stroke that virtually left him paralyzed. Adams impact throughout his political career and his presidency made it possible to secure America’s position as the powerhouse we are today.