Richard Nixon -

Richard Nixon

Born in Yorba Linda California on January 9, 1913 in an extremely religious upbringing as part of the evangelical Quaker observances—Nixon grew up in a rather poor upbringing and in his early years had moved around a lot for his family to make a living and put food on their table. Nixon attended public school throughout his youth and was even his eight-grade class president. Throughout high school Nixon had quite an impressive academic performance and was athletic as he played football throughout his entire high school career. Along with his stellar academics and extracurriculars he had to help run his family business and would get up around 4am to pick up fruits and vegetables for the family market. When it came time to go to college, Nixon was offered a tuition grant to attend Harvard but he declined and went to Whittier College (a college in his hometown), so he could help run the family business and still remain partial to his studies. After graduating, Nixon received a full scholarship to Duke University School of Law and graduated as the president of the Duke Bar Association.

In the beginning of his legal career Nixon worked as an attorney, primarily dealing with divorce cases and became a full-fledged partner at his firm in the following years. Nixon also served in the military for a few years and got promoted to lieutenant in 1945 and given control of the Marine Aircraft Group 25 and the South Pacific Combat Air Transport Command. Following his very successful military career he decided to venture into politics. Nixon essentially started helping others with campaigns until he decided to focus on himself and run for U.S. senate and won by almost 20%. Nixon took a bold approach in senate and spoke out against global communism. This tenacity and drive for change led him to serve as the vice president to Dwight D. Eisenhower. After serving two terms as vice president, Nixon decided to announce his candidacy for president and launch his first campaign in 1960 but had lost to John F. Kennedy. However, Nixon did not give up and decided to run for president a second time in 1968, and throughout his campaign painted himself as a figure of stability to ensure success. Nixon won 49 out of 50 states in popular votes and 17 electoral college votes—making him the winner and the 37th U.S. president.

Nixon was sworn into office on January 20, 1969. Throughout his presidency he fought hard to introduce the legislation for the reformation of health. This included the establishment of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the Occupational Safety & Health Administration (OSHA) to ensure better, cleaner air for U.S. citizens. Nixon was also able to open diplomatic relationships with China, which before him seemed somewhat impossible amongst past presidents.

Unfortunately, Nixon’s presidency came to a sudden halt just one year into his second term. Nixon was brought up on three different impeachment charges in 1974. The three articles of impeachment against Nixon were obstruction of justice, abuse of power, and contempt of congress. These impeachment charges were a direct result of the infamous Nixon Watergate Scandal which was a major federal political scandal to get the blueprints for the Watergate complex in Washington D.C.—as a result Nixon resigned on August 9,1974 with the fear of almost certain impeachment if he stayed in office. After the scandal and his resignation from office, Nixon began to focus a lot of his time traveling and later went on to write memoirs. Unfortunately, Nixon passed away after suffering a stroke on April 22, 1994 at the age of 81 years old. Nixon,although caught up in a scandal, still made his mark on America and will certainly go down in history.

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